impair (verb) – damage, weaken
impairment (noun) – damage or weakness
Examples of how you can use impair:
Working in a noisy environment had impaired his hearing.
Too much self-love can impair your judgement.
A fatty diet can impair your health.
She finds it difficult to learn new things, which is why her psychologist is trying to understand whether she has a cognitive impairment.
Listening to loud music on your headphones can cause hearing impairment.
The socks had several holes in them; they were the impairments due to long use.