By Jacqueline Schaalje
Now a really easy grammar subject: has and have.
When do you use have and when has?
Look at the picture. What do you see?
A man hugging his son.
The man has a son.
Note: I’m only going to talk about present simple tense, and not about any other tense. There are some other uses of has, but I will talk about them separately.
Both has and have mean that someone or something belongs to this person. It’s his.
Here is an example for things. I can say: I have a pen.
This means the pen is mine.
Let’s look at some more examples. Carefully read the example sentences.
Have is used for I, we, you, and they.
|I have||I have a pen.|
|You have||You have brown hair.|
|We have||We have a computer.|
|They have||They have a big house.|
Has is only used in affirmative (= positive) sentences. You won’t find has in negative sentences and not in questions.
Has is used for he, she and it.
|He has||He has a dog.|
|She has||She has four grandparents.|
|It has||The camera has an inbuilt microphone.|
Have in Questions
You always use have in questions, for all the pronouns.
|Do I have?||Do I have a red nose?|
|Do you have?||Do you have a bicycle?|
|Does he have?||Does he have a day off on Friday?|
|Does she have?||When does she go to the market?|
|Does it have?||Does the club have exclusive members?|
|Do we have?||Why do we have three exams this week?|
|Do they have?||Who do they have as friends?|
As you can see, you can put a question word (when, who, where, why, what, etc) before the yes/no question with do or does.
Have in Negative Sentences
And you also use have in negative sentences, for all the pronouns.
|I don’t have||I don’t have your book, sorry.|
|You don’t have||You don’t have any children.|
|He doesn’t have||He doesn’t have a winter coat.|
|She doesn’t have||She doesn’t have any time today.|
|It doesn’t have||The cake doesn’t have any candles.|
|We don’t have||We don’t have an idea right now.|
|They don’t have||They don’t have much experience.|
So now you have examples of all its uses, and you’re ready for the quiz.
And guess what, the quiz is easy too.
Choose between has and have.
1 Elena _________ a yellow bag and a red one.
2 I don’t ___________ anything more to say.
3 What does she ___________ in her bag?
4 Do you __________ any children?
5 Does he ___________ your number?
6 Do you _______ any change from 10 pounds?
7 They both __________ green eyes.
8 Her brother __________ grey eyes.
9 Do they ___________ any questions?
10 We don’t ___________ that product in our shop.