By Jacqueline Schaalje
For negative sentences in the present simple you need to use do and does + not.
Present simple is the tense that you use to tell about things that happen regularly, or that are facts. Read more in this article.
Here are some examples:
1A I have a cat.
B I don’t have a cat.
B is the negative sentence.
2A Sarah reads before she goes to bed.
B Sarah doesn’t read before she goes to bed.
3A Peter works at a software company.
B Peter doesn’t work at a software company.
4A We live in China.
B We don’t live in China.
5A They drive to San Francisco every week.
B They don’t drive to San Francisco every week.
With he, she and it you need to use does + not.
With the rest of the pronouns (I, you, we and they), you use do + not.
Here is a table of that:
Note about the pronunciation:
When you speak, you don’t say: I do not. You say I don’t.
The other pronouns are also contracted (= said in the short way).
So when you speak, you’ll get the following:
When you write, you may choose whether to write I do not or I don’t. Both are okay.
Now, after the I don’t and you don’t etc. you need to use a verb. For example speak, run, decide, visit.
So you’ll get: I don’t speak.
You don’t run.
We don’t decide.
She doesn’t visit.
These are just some examples.
Nothing changes to the verb.
So no s at the end of the verb, please.
Maybe you can remember this little rule that I teach my students: as soon as you have do or does in your sentence, you don’t change the verb.
Now let’s do an exercise.
I’ll write a sentence in present simple. And you will write the negative sentence.
Or you will say the answer and your little brother will type it. 🙂
Ann reads the newspaper every morning.
Ann doesn’t read the newspaper every morning.
1 Mr Wilson wants to buy the Paradise Club.
2 The hotel stands on the beach.
3 Many tourists visit the hotel every summer.
4 They swim in the seven swimming pools.
5 Mr Wilson plans to build a Jacuzzi.
6 The hotel has only one spa.
7 Guests complain about the spa.
8 It needs to be bigger.
9 Young people play beach volleyball.
10 Old and lazy people watch the game.
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