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Leftover from the last lesson. I promised we were also going to talk about how to make negative sentences with “do,” “does” and “did.”
Negative Sentences with Do and Does
You already know you should use “do” and “does” in the present tense (present simple).
You also know that you use “do” with I, you, we, and they.
And that you use “does” with the other pronouns: he, she, and it.
For negative sentences you also add “not.”
Here are some examples:
I don’t want too drink too much.
You don’t read enough.
Eli doesn’t wash the dishes well.
Malika doesn’t play the piano.
The canary bird doesn’t sing anymore.
We don’t have a car.
Our neighbours don’t take care of their garden.
Canary in a Coal Mine
You can do this exercise online here:
Change the following affirmative sentences to negative sentences:
Mia and Gabriel ride their bikes in the park.
Mia and Gabriel don’t ride their bikes in the park.
1 I work hard all week.
2 On Friday afternoon I work less.
3 At 4.30 the team stops working.
4 The manager asks his assistant to help with the drinks.
5 We raise our glasses, eat some nuts, and chat.
6 Then we go home for the weekend.
Negative sentences with Did
Same thing here: just put “did” and “not” in your sentence to make a negative sentence.
You use “did” when you want to make a negative sentence in the past tense (past simple).
You can use “did” for all the pronouns (I, you, he, she, it, we, they).
Check out these examples:
I didn’t see the sign.
You didn’t fly to Rio de Janeiro.
He didn’t go to work yesterday.
She didn’t feel well.
The program didn’t finish at 8 o’clock.
We didn’t have rice with our dinner.
They didn’t wear their hats.
Note: An important rule is that when you use “do,” “does,” and “did” you don’t need to change the verb. That means that in sentences with “do,” “does” and “did” you’re using the infinitive (the most basic form of the verb).
You can do the exercise online here.
Change the following affirmative sentences to negative sentences.
1 Samir celebrated his birthday yesterday.
2 He took a day off from work.
3 In the morning he slept in.
4 He took his mother out for lunch.
5 He lay on the beach all afternoon.
6 In the evening his friends threw a party for Samir.
7 They danced and laughed until very late.