By Sudhakar Yatra
1. The sound of -ed in words ending with the letters ch, k, p and s is pronounced as [t].
Passed is pronounced as Past
Missed is pronounced as Mist
Packed is pronounced as Pact
2. The sound of -ed of words ending in d or t is pronounced as [id].
Examples: decided, selected, collected, committed, prohibited, fitted, lidded, kidded.
3. The sound of -es (usually for plurals) of the words ending in s, sh, dj or ch is [iz].
Examples: houses, churches, buses, bridges, brushes, ledges, misses, catches, pauses.
4. The sound of the last syllable -ege or -age is pronounced as [ɪdʒ].
Examples: college, message, marriage and carriage.
5. Words with a that have a magic e at the end are pronounced as if they were written with ei or ai.
male is pronounced as mail
Tale as tail
Waste as waist
Pane as pain
Stare as stair.
Also, there is pronounced as their.
6. In most English words the sound of ‘r’ is not pronounced, except in North American English. In British English, r is said only when it is followed by a vowel sound.
R is pronounced in: forum, story, frame, patron, federation and colouring.
But r is silent in colour, fear, more, door, stairs, car and tour.
Pick out the word that has the same vowel sound as the head word.
A. Hate: rare, face, cat, master.
B. Tail: tear, hale, hair, fine.
C. Pain: pine, fine, fair, mane.
D. Stay: taste, dance, sand, many.
E. Dare: hair, hale, hate, eight.
F. Train: lane, mean, mine, pine.
G. Fame: aim, crime, dam, gym.
H. Plane: rare, hare, plain, pine.
I. Care: heir, main, mane, gear.
J. Lady: lad, bail, land, glad
K. Baby: main, mime, mile, mere.
Pick out the words in each set that end with the sound [id] or [t] (There is one for each in each line).
A. Deed, heed, kicked, wicked.
B. Played, talked, nodded, lived.
C. Smiled, sipped, sounded, shoed.
D. Added, allowed, asked, aged.
E. Bothered, bowled, banded, based.
Identify the one word in which [r] is sounded (in British English).
A. Pore, pork, store, story.
B. Armour, array, army, arms.
C. Care, carer, card, corn.
D. Earring, earnings, ear set, earnest.
E. Garnish, garlic, garner, garish.
Solutions to the exercises: scroll down.
Sudhakar Yatra has an M.A in English and a Bachelor’s degree in Teaching. He works as an English teacher at the Andhra Prasad Z.P. High School in Vatsavai, India.
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Answers to the exercises:
A. Hate: face
B. Tail: hale
C. Pain: mane
D. Stay: taste
E. Dare: hair
F. Train: lane
G. Fame: aim
H. Plane: plain
I. Care: heir
J. Lady: bail
K. Baby: main
A. id: wicked. t: kicked
B. id: nodded. t: talked
C. id: sounded. t: sipped
D. id: added. t: asked
E. id: banded. t: based